MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 9/20/19

Treasury rates dropped last week, reversing the previous week’s selloff and pushing yields significantly lower.  The 10-year yield ended Friday at 1.723%, dropping by about 17 basis points on the week, although it remains well above the 1.46% level last seen immediately after the Labor Day holiday.  The Treasury yield curve (2-10s) flattened by about 6 basis points to just inside +4 basis points, while the 2-5 spread further inverted to -8.5 basis points.  The continued volatility of the market was reflected in the 40-day trailing daily standard deviation of the 5- and 10-year Treasury notes, which reached 6 basis points by Friday, its higher level since mid-2015.

The Fed cut its funding target range by 25 basis points at last week’s Open Market Committee (OMC) meeting but left significant ambiguity with respect to future policy.  One interesting and unusual development was that three OMC members dissented, with two voting to leave the target range unchanged at 2-2.25% while one pushed for a more aggressive 50 basis point rate cut.  The Fed Funds futures market continues to project another cut in rates by the end of the year.  The display below shows that as of 9/23 the market is projecting a 75% probability of another cut in the target rate by the December 11th OMC meeting.  The Fed was also in the news actively intervening in the money markets, adding reserves to the system to address funding and reserve shortages that caused some rates (including SOFR, the government’s preferred replacement for LIBOR) to spike higher mid-week.  (To highlight some of the volatility in money markets, SOFR went from closing at 2.20% on 9/13 to 5.25% on Tuesday before ending the week at 1.86%.)

MBS performance was fairly muted despite the continued volatility.  The 30-year current coupon spread over interpolated Treasuries ended the week at +98 basis points, three basis points tighter on the week.  Ginnie rolls continue to confound traders, as both the Ginnie II 2.5% and 3% Sep/Oct rolls went out quite special on September’s Class C notification; in particular, the 2.5% roll was marked at over 9+ ticks on notification day, and some trades supposedly took place around 11/32s.  (The 3% roll was not quite as stretched, but it still went out over 4/32s, roughly 3 ticks special.)  The GNII 2.5% Oct/Nov roll remains heated at a current drop of around 6 3/8 ticks, while the UM30 2.5% roll is also trading around two ticks special.  (Based on conversations with several clients, we have added average weekly trading volumes by coupon, sourced from ICE Data Services, to the second page of the Market Profile report; this should help traders gauge the potential liquidity of different coupons and products.)

Coupon swaps were again under pressure, with the UM30 and GNII 3.5/3 swaps contracting by about 12 and 10 ticks, respectively.  Ginnie II/Fannie swaps were mixed, with lower coupons ending the week little changed while 4% and higher deteriorated by about 4/32s.

A review of MCT’s client database shows that the collective 30-year conventional and government pipelines have weighted average note rates of 3.86% and 3.72%, respectively.  The accompanying chart, however, indicates that the loans in both pipelines have fairly dispersed note rates.  For example, the 30-year conventional pipelines contain significant volumes of loans (shown as a percentage of total locks) with rates ranging from 3.375% to 4.125%; in addition, while around 22% of the 30-year government pipelines have note rates of 3.25% and 3.375% there is also a significant share of loans (about 9%) carrying 4.125% rates.

September volume estimates also reflect the summer’s bond market rally and subsequent uptick in the production of 2.5% MBS, at least in conventionals.  The table below shows actual September month-to-date issuance (through 9/20/19) for 30-year Fannies and Ginnie IIs as reported by eMBS.  The table indicates that Fannie/UM30 2.5s currently comprise about 16% of September issuance, with 3s making up just under 60% of 30-year conventional MBS production.  Interestingly, applying what we think is generally utilized best execution to the loans in MCT’s overall conventional client pipelines suggests that issuance of 2.5s and 3s should be relatively greater, together comprise around 86% of total conventional production versus the 74% or so indicated by the eMBS report.  (The difference between MCT’s and eMBS’ data reflects roughly 10% less production of 3.5s.)  The difference is probably the result of different coupon slotting assumptions and methodologies actually being utilized by issuers versus our assumption that “pooling down” into the lowest possible coupon almost always represents current best execution.

About the Author: Bill Berliner

As Director of Analytics, Bill Berliner is tasked with developing new products and services, enhancing existing solutions, and helping to expand MCT’s footprint as the preeminent industry-leader in secondary marketing capabilities for lenders.

Mr. Berliner boasts more than 30 years of experience in a variety of areas within secondary marketing. He is a seasoned financial professional with extensive knowledge working with fixed income trading and structuring, research and analysis, risk management, and esoteric asset valuation.

Mr. Berliner has also written extensively on mortgages, MBS, and the capital markets. He is the co-author, with Frank Fabozzi and Anand Bhattacharya, of Mortgage-Backed Securities: Products, Structuring, and Analytical Techniques, which was named one of the top ten finance texts in 2007 by RiskBooks. He wrote and edited chapters for The Handbook of Mortgage-Backed Securities, The Handbook of Fixed-Income Securities, Securities Finance, and The Encyclopedia of Financial Models. In addition, Mr. Berliner co-authored papers published in The Journal of Structured Finance and American Securitization. He also wrote the monthly “In My View” column for Asset Securitization Report from 2008-2012.

10-Year Treasury Yield Curve

Compare this chart with the mortgage rates chart to see how the 10-year treasury and mortgage rates are correlated. Read more below to learn how mortgage rates are tied to the 10 year treasury yield. View raw data on U.S. Department of the Treasury website.


Mortgage Rates Today

The current MBS daily rates are shown below in this chart for 5/1 Yr ARM, Jumbo 30 Yr, FHA 30 Yr, 15 Yr Fixed, 30 Yr Fixed. Sign up for our MBS Market Commentary to receive daily mortgage news in your inbox.

About the Author

Robbie Chrisman, Head of Content, MCT

Robbie started his mortgage industry career with internships during high school and college at Peoples National Bank in Colorado, and RPM & Bay Equity in the San Francisco Bay Area. After graduating from The University of Texas at Austin with a degree in Finance in 2014, he went to work at SoFi, where he rose to Director, Capital Markets assisting in the creation of SoFi’s residential mortgage division before leaving to work for TMS in Austin, Texas. From there, he went to work for FinTech startup Riivos in San Francisco and now is the Head of Content at Mortgage Capital Trading (MCT) in San Diego.

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Previous Weekly Market Reviews by Mortgage Capital Trading (MCT)

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MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/31/23

The market reaction went a little “too far, too fast” in regard to the Fed policy pivot. We witnessed the coupon stack (i.e., the price spread between TBA coupons) decompress in more than a trivial manner in a short period. However, the primary mortgage market has been largely reluctant to follow the Treasury rally, and mortgage rates have ultimately not dropped by the same amount as Treasury yields.

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/24/23

The FOMC raised its benchmark rate by 25 basis points to a new range of 4.75%-5.00% on Wednesday, a middle ground policy move made in the hope of tampering inflation without further harming the banking system. The raise marks the 9th consecutive rate hike since the Fed began hiking in May of last year and brings the target fed funds rate range to the highest level since September 2007. While the central bank’s monetary policy has been aimed at correcting inflation, it has also revealed hidden weaknesses (e.g., entities whose balance sheets relied on low interest rates).

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/17/23

Next week will reveal the Fed’s resolve on continuing to beat the drum on their aggressive inflation fight. The word until now has been that the central bank will keep hiking interest rates until inflation is under control.

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/10/23

Events this week likely will lead to a higher peak interest rate than investors had been expecting just weeks ago. Central bankers appear worried about a cycle in which workers seek higher pay to offset inflation’s bite, and in turn trigger more price increases. In fact, inflation remains high because people have jobs and earn enough income to cover stubbornly expensive housing costs. Robust hiring is good for the economy and workers, but elevated pay growth puts added pressure on the Fed to bring down earnings. 

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 2/10/23

The week after the jobs report is generally pretty data-light, and this week was no exception. With a dearth of data, market movement hinged on “Fed speak” and consumer sentiment. We saw some volatility return to bond markets as investors built in expectations for a more hawkish Fed. As a reminder, the Fed raised its benchmark rate last week to a range of 4.5% to 4.75%. Let’s run through what we’ve learned in the wake of that decision and a robust U.S. payrolls report that took some wind out of investors’ sails that had hopes for rate cuts by summer.

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 2/3/23

As strong as economists may have thought the job market was, it’s even stronger. In addition to headline non-farm payrolls in January (517,000) beating estimates by around 300,000, employment numbers were revised higher for the past two months. Yes, a tight labor market is anathema to any sort of quick stop to the Federal Reserve’s rate hiking cycle, but the growth rate in average hourly earnings is declining, which will be welcome news to Fed Chair Powell and his colleagues. There exists a raging debate among economists over whether we’ll need a sharp rise in unemployment to keep inflation low.