MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 7/26/19

The Treasury market meandered around last week, although the week/week changes belied some noteworthy mid-week price volatility.  The 10-year note ended the week yielding 2.07%, only about 1.5 basis point higher than its 7/19 close, but the note’s yield ranged from a low of 2.045% to a peak of 2.082%.  The yield on the 2-year note was somewhat steadier, although it popped by about 5 basis points on Thursday, leaving the 2-10 year spread just under 2 basis points flatter at +21.7 bps.

*The MBS Weekly Market Profile Report corresponds to the commentary below.*

The accompanying chart shows that the realized volatility of intermediate Treasury yields has trended higher for almost a year, with the 40-day standard deviation of the 5-year note approaching the 4.8 basis point peak last experienced in late 2018/early 2019. Click to Enlarge  Mortgage spreads barely budged last week.  The 30-year Fannie current coupon spread over interpolated Treasuries ended the week a basis point tighter at +85 bps, while the 15-year Fannie and 30-year Ginnie II spreads were modestly wider.  Most MBS prices changed over the week within a couple of ticks of their Treasury hedge ratios; a notable exception was GNII 4s, where the front-month (August) TBA outperformed the 10-year note by a quarter-point.  The swing in GNII 4s left the GNII 4.5/4 swap wider by 9/32s and the GNII/Fannie swap widened by 6 ticks to close at +15/32s.

Some technical discomfort in the Ginnie market was also reflected in August/September rolls.  The GNII 4 roll, which spiked to over 7/32s prior to July notification, expanded by over 3/32s last week, and is now at least 2+ ticks special using 10% CPR (and more if a faster speed is assumed).  Other Ginnie rolls also are being pressured higher; for example, the GNII 3 roll is trading at least 3/32s special.  It’s important that traders using Ginnie II TBAs as a hedging vehicle monitor their roll positions closely (or assign as many trades as possible).

One interesting and important development in the market is how the assumptions for TBA deliveries changed as the market rallied and mortgage rates dropped.  This is especially true for premium coupons, with Fannie 4s being an excellent example.  The rally in bond prices, which took the 10-year Treasury yield about 60 basis points lower since mid-April, has caused payups for specified pools to expand dramatically, with the biggest boost seen in fuller coupons where the prepayment protection is most valued.  For example, the payup for 110K max balance Fannie 4s has expanded from around 1 ¾ points in mid-April to around 3 points today, while the Fannie 3 payup has increased by about 10/32s.  The expansion of premium payups means that it’s highly likely that loans with “specified” characteristics will be pooled and sold separately and not delivered into TBA trades, making the TBA cohort “adversely selected.”  (This is the MBS market equivalent of showing up at a yard sale on the last day, when all the merchandise has been picked over.)

This means that the delivery assumptions (or, as designated by Bloomberg, the “worst to deliver” or W2D) for TBAs differs significantly from the population of pools recently issued.  This in turn means that the analytics for the two cohorts, such as the option-adjusted spreads and durations, can be materially different depending on what cohort is being assumed, especially for fuller coupons at higher dollar prices.  As an example, the two screenshots below show Bloomberg analytics for August-delivery TBA Fannie 4s (denoted as “FNCL 4 8/19”) and new-production Fannie 4s (“FNCL 4 N”).  Click to Enlarge Click to Enlarge Since the TBA delivery cohort is assumed to be adversely selected, with virtually all pools that can trade to a payup removed, the OAS is much lower and, importantly to hedgers, the option-adjusted duration for the W2D is significantly shorter (i.e., around 1.7 versus 2.3).  The effect is not as pronounced for coupons closer to par, since payups are lower for coupons such as Fannie 3s and it is assumed that fewer pools will be sold specified.  (The different assumptions don’t impact the analytics as noticeably when the dollar prices are closer to par).  Nonetheless, traders should be aware of the differences between the new-prod and W2D cohorts and how they impact analytics, especially for higher-rate MBS positions and loan pipelines.

About the Author: Bill Berliner

As Director of Analytics, Bill Berliner is tasked with developing new products and services, enhancing existing solutions, and helping to expand MCT’s footprint as the preeminent industry-leader in secondary marketing capabilities for lenders.

Mr. Berliner boasts more than 30 years of experience in a variety of areas within secondary marketing. He is a seasoned financial professional with extensive knowledge working with fixed income trading and structuring, research and analysis, risk management, and esoteric asset valuation.

Mr. Berliner has also written extensively on mortgages, MBS, and the capital markets. He is the co-author, with Frank Fabozzi and Anand Bhattacharya, of Mortgage-Backed Securities: Products, Structuring, and Analytical Techniques, which was named one of the top ten finance texts in 2007 by RiskBooks. He wrote and edited chapters for The Handbook of Mortgage-Backed Securities, The Handbook of Fixed-Income Securities, Securities Finance, and The Encyclopedia of Financial Models. In addition, Mr. Berliner co-authored papers published in The Journal of Structured Finance and American Securitization. He also wrote the monthly “In My View” column for Asset Securitization Report from 2008-2012.

10-Year Treasury Yield Curve

Compare this chart with the mortgage rates chart to see how the 10-year treasury and mortgage rates are correlated. Read more below to learn how mortgage rates are tied to the 10 year treasury yield. View raw data on U.S. Department of the Treasury website.


Mortgage Rates Today

The current MBS daily rates are shown below in this chart for 5/1 Yr ARM, Jumbo 30 Yr, FHA 30 Yr, 15 Yr Fixed, 30 Yr Fixed. Sign up for our MBS Market Commentary to receive daily mortgage news in your inbox.

About the Author

Robbie Chrisman, Head of Content, MCT

Robbie started his mortgage industry career with internships during high school and college at Peoples National Bank in Colorado, and RPM & Bay Equity in the San Francisco Bay Area. After graduating from The University of Texas at Austin with a degree in Finance in 2014, he went to work at SoFi, where he rose to Director, Capital Markets assisting in the creation of SoFi’s residential mortgage division before leaving to work for TMS in Austin, Texas. From there, he went to work for FinTech startup Riivos in San Francisco and now is the Head of Content at Mortgage Capital Trading (MCT) in San Diego.

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Previous Weekly Market Reviews by Mortgage Capital Trading (MCT)

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MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/31/23

The market reaction went a little “too far, too fast” in regard to the Fed policy pivot. We witnessed the coupon stack (i.e., the price spread between TBA coupons) decompress in more than a trivial manner in a short period. However, the primary mortgage market has been largely reluctant to follow the Treasury rally, and mortgage rates have ultimately not dropped by the same amount as Treasury yields.

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/24/23

The FOMC raised its benchmark rate by 25 basis points to a new range of 4.75%-5.00% on Wednesday, a middle ground policy move made in the hope of tampering inflation without further harming the banking system. The raise marks the 9th consecutive rate hike since the Fed began hiking in May of last year and brings the target fed funds rate range to the highest level since September 2007. While the central bank’s monetary policy has been aimed at correcting inflation, it has also revealed hidden weaknesses (e.g., entities whose balance sheets relied on low interest rates).

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/17/23

Next week will reveal the Fed’s resolve on continuing to beat the drum on their aggressive inflation fight. The word until now has been that the central bank will keep hiking interest rates until inflation is under control.

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/10/23

Events this week likely will lead to a higher peak interest rate than investors had been expecting just weeks ago. Central bankers appear worried about a cycle in which workers seek higher pay to offset inflation’s bite, and in turn trigger more price increases. In fact, inflation remains high because people have jobs and earn enough income to cover stubbornly expensive housing costs. Robust hiring is good for the economy and workers, but elevated pay growth puts added pressure on the Fed to bring down earnings. 

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 2/10/23

The week after the jobs report is generally pretty data-light, and this week was no exception. With a dearth of data, market movement hinged on “Fed speak” and consumer sentiment. We saw some volatility return to bond markets as investors built in expectations for a more hawkish Fed. As a reminder, the Fed raised its benchmark rate last week to a range of 4.5% to 4.75%. Let’s run through what we’ve learned in the wake of that decision and a robust U.S. payrolls report that took some wind out of investors’ sails that had hopes for rate cuts by summer.

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 2/3/23

As strong as economists may have thought the job market was, it’s even stronger. In addition to headline non-farm payrolls in January (517,000) beating estimates by around 300,000, employment numbers were revised higher for the past two months. Yes, a tight labor market is anathema to any sort of quick stop to the Federal Reserve’s rate hiking cycle, but the growth rate in average hourly earnings is declining, which will be welcome news to Fed Chair Powell and his colleagues. There exists a raging debate among economists over whether we’ll need a sharp rise in unemployment to keep inflation low.