MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 10/18/19

Treasury markets were fairly quiet last week, leaving the yield on the 10-year at 1.755% at Friday’s close, up about 2.5 basis points on the week.  The yield on the 2-year note declined modestly on the week, leaving the 2-10 year spread (which closed at +18 basis points) at its widest level since late July.  The relatively placid trading after the end of the third quarter is reflected in the realized volatility of the 5- and 10-year Treasury notes; as highlighted by the accompanying chart, the 40-day standard deviation of both notes has declined by almost a full basis point over the last few weeks.  (For context, this equates to a difference in daily price changes of about 3/32nds on the 10-year note.  It’s also notable that the standard deviations remain high relative to their levels in 2016, which reflected both the summer Brexit vote and the Presidential election.)  The money markets appear poised for another Fed easing at the 10/30 meeting, with the Fed Funds futures market projecting an 87% probability of a 25 basis point cut in the funding target range.

Click to Enlarge *The MBS Weekly Market Profile Report corresponds to the commentary below.*

MBS were relatively well-behaved last week, with most liquid TBAs outperforming their duration-neutral performance by 1-3 ticks.  The Fannie 30-year current coupon spread was unchanged over interpolated 5-10 Treasury yields, while the Ginnie spread widened by a couple of basis points.  The conventional primary/secondary spread tightened by 4 basis points last week, and is almost 30 basis points tighter than its widest levels experienced in mid-September.  Coupon swaps ended the week mixed, with only the 30-year 3.5/3 swaps (in both UM30s and Ginnie IIs) moving noticeably wider.
However, one disquieting element was the continued volatility in the GNII 2.5% roll, with the Oct/Nov roll closing on Thursday’s Class C notification day offered at 9/32s versus a break-even level of less than a tick.  This bears watching, since a chronically special Ginnie 2.5 roll would make it difficult for traders to hedge their production of lower-rate government loans.  Issuance of loans being pooled in Ginnie 2.5s appears to be increasing; according to eMBS, month-to-date issuance of multi-issuer Ginnie 2.5s ended last week at $3.7 billion, more than double September’s issuance of $1.6 billion and around 9% of total MTD issuance (around $41.5 billion) of Ginnie II jumbo pools.

A separate issue that continues to weigh on MBS traders is the high relative levels of conventional gross WACs, i.e. the weighted average note rates of loans being securitized into UMBS pools.  The weighted average WACs of all UM30 3.0 and 3.5 pools originated in September were 3.927% for UM 3s and 4.36% for 3.5s, according to data from Refinitiv.  Their model also provides a “parallel coordinates” graph that show each pool’s WAC, which is copied below for all UM30 pools with coupons between 3% and 3.5% issued in September.  The graph is noteworthy in that it highlights the concentration of WACs around historically high rates relative to the pools’ coupon rates, and not skewed by issuance of a few large pools.  This is a concern for investors and dealers since MBS prepayment performance is driven by loans’ note rates; their ability to model and project prepayment speeds is complicated by the historically high level of note rates in pools.  (E.g., if both Fannie 3% and 3.5% pools had WACs of around 4.0% they could be expected to prepay similarly, all else equal.  This distorts analysts’ ability to compare prepayment performance for pools issued over different periods of time.)  Separately, the high relative levels of WACs reflect the choice by the majority of securities issuers to place loans into pools with the lowest possible coupon (i.e., “pool down”) subject to pooling rules.  These decisions are dictated by pooling economics, with a major factor being the relatively depressed levels of coupons swaps in the current market. Click to Enlarge

About the Author: Bill Berliner

As Director of Analytics, Bill Berliner is tasked with developing new products and services, enhancing existing solutions, and helping to expand MCT’s footprint as the preeminent industry-leader in secondary marketing capabilities for lenders.

Mr. Berliner boasts more than 30 years of experience in a variety of areas within secondary marketing. He is a seasoned financial professional with extensive knowledge working with fixed income trading and structuring, research and analysis, risk management, and esoteric asset valuation.

Mr. Berliner has also written extensively on mortgages, MBS, and the capital markets. He is the co-author, with Frank Fabozzi and Anand Bhattacharya, of Mortgage-Backed Securities: Products, Structuring, and Analytical Techniques, which was named one of the top ten finance texts in 2007 by RiskBooks. He wrote and edited chapters for The Handbook of Mortgage-Backed Securities, The Handbook of Fixed-Income Securities, Securities Finance, and The Encyclopedia of Financial Models. In addition, Mr. Berliner co-authored papers published in The Journal of Structured Finance and American Securitization. He also wrote the monthly “In My View” column for Asset Securitization Report from 2008-2012.

10-Year Treasury Yield Curve

Compare this chart with the mortgage rates chart to see how the 10-year treasury and mortgage rates are correlated. Read more below to learn how mortgage rates are tied to the 10 year treasury yield. View raw data on U.S. Department of the Treasury website.


Mortgage Rates Today

The current MBS daily rates are shown below in this chart for 5/1 Yr ARM, Jumbo 30 Yr, FHA 30 Yr, 15 Yr Fixed, 30 Yr Fixed. Sign up for our MBS Market Commentary to receive daily mortgage news in your inbox.

About the Author

Robbie Chrisman, Head of Content, MCT

Robbie started his mortgage industry career with internships during high school and college at Peoples National Bank in Colorado, and RPM & Bay Equity in the San Francisco Bay Area. After graduating from The University of Texas at Austin with a degree in Finance in 2014, he went to work at SoFi, where he rose to Director, Capital Markets assisting in the creation of SoFi’s residential mortgage division before leaving to work for TMS in Austin, Texas. From there, he went to work for FinTech startup Riivos in San Francisco and now is the Head of Content at Mortgage Capital Trading (MCT) in San Diego.

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Previous Weekly Market Reviews by Mortgage Capital Trading (MCT)

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MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/31/23

The market reaction went a little “too far, too fast” in regard to the Fed policy pivot. We witnessed the coupon stack (i.e., the price spread between TBA coupons) decompress in more than a trivial manner in a short period. However, the primary mortgage market has been largely reluctant to follow the Treasury rally, and mortgage rates have ultimately not dropped by the same amount as Treasury yields.

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/24/23

The FOMC raised its benchmark rate by 25 basis points to a new range of 4.75%-5.00% on Wednesday, a middle ground policy move made in the hope of tampering inflation without further harming the banking system. The raise marks the 9th consecutive rate hike since the Fed began hiking in May of last year and brings the target fed funds rate range to the highest level since September 2007. While the central bank’s monetary policy has been aimed at correcting inflation, it has also revealed hidden weaknesses (e.g., entities whose balance sheets relied on low interest rates).

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/17/23

Next week will reveal the Fed’s resolve on continuing to beat the drum on their aggressive inflation fight. The word until now has been that the central bank will keep hiking interest rates until inflation is under control.

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/10/23

Events this week likely will lead to a higher peak interest rate than investors had been expecting just weeks ago. Central bankers appear worried about a cycle in which workers seek higher pay to offset inflation’s bite, and in turn trigger more price increases. In fact, inflation remains high because people have jobs and earn enough income to cover stubbornly expensive housing costs. Robust hiring is good for the economy and workers, but elevated pay growth puts added pressure on the Fed to bring down earnings. 

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 2/10/23

The week after the jobs report is generally pretty data-light, and this week was no exception. With a dearth of data, market movement hinged on “Fed speak” and consumer sentiment. We saw some volatility return to bond markets as investors built in expectations for a more hawkish Fed. As a reminder, the Fed raised its benchmark rate last week to a range of 4.5% to 4.75%. Let’s run through what we’ve learned in the wake of that decision and a robust U.S. payrolls report that took some wind out of investors’ sails that had hopes for rate cuts by summer.

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 2/3/23

As strong as economists may have thought the job market was, it’s even stronger. In addition to headline non-farm payrolls in January (517,000) beating estimates by around 300,000, employment numbers were revised higher for the past two months. Yes, a tight labor market is anathema to any sort of quick stop to the Federal Reserve’s rate hiking cycle, but the growth rate in average hourly earnings is declining, which will be welcome news to Fed Chair Powell and his colleagues. There exists a raging debate among economists over whether we’ll need a sharp rise in unemployment to keep inflation low.