MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 02/28/2020

The financial markets ended an incredible week with Treasury yields reaching new lows.  The 10-year note at a yield of 1.15%, over 20 basis points lower than the previous low hit in the weeks after the 2016 Brexit vote.  The 3-month/10-year spread further inverted by about 8 basis points to close around -11 basis points, while the 2-year/10-year spread expanded by 12 basis points to +23, its widest level since early January of this year.  


*The MBS Weekly Market Profile Report corresponds to the commentary below.*

Depending on whose analysis you believe, the Fed Funds futures market is projecting either a 25 or 50 basis point cut in the target rate at the March 18th Open Market Committee meeting.  (As shown in the accompanying chart from the CME Group’s web site, their model projects a 50 basis point cut this month, to a target range of 1.0-1.25%.) Click to Enlarge MBS lagged the Treasury rally for most of the week before rebounding on Friday, where they outperformed their Treasury hedge ratios.  Nonetheless, the sector mostly underperformed Treasuries over the last five sessions, although the performance of conventionals and Ginnies diverged. Premium UM30s (4s and higher) managed to track their (extremely short) hedge ratios, while same-coupon Ginnies trailed the 10-year note by as much as a quarter-point over the period.

The rally caused a reshuffling in coupon and product swaps.  The UM30 3/2.5 swap collapsed, closing tighter by 19/32s on the week, reflecting the weakness experienced by 3s, while fuller coupons narrowed mostly or (for the 4.5/4 swap) actually expanded by a tick.  By contrast, the entire Ginnie coupon stack was under pressure; while the GNII 3/2.5 swap narrowed by 14/32s, the GNII 4.5/4 swap contracted by 7/32s.  The collapse in coupon swaps has pushed best-execution for many note rates to their regulatory limits; for instance, many lenders are now slotting conventional loans with 3.625% note rates into UM30 2.5s.  (3.625% is the highest note rate that can be placed into a 2.5, given the 112.5 maximum spread between the loans’ note and coupon rates spelled out in last year’s Final Rule.)  

Many dollar rolls have also pushed out, in part reflecting expectations for a drop in funding rates.  The UM30 2.5% and 3% rolls are trading special by more than a tick, while the GNII 3.5 roll (March/April) is trading as much as 2+ special, at the same time that the GNII 4 roll remains deeply negative, reflecting fears of a sharp jump in prepayments.

One critical question for many market participants is trying to peg market average lending rates.  The chart below shows a the 10-year yield compared to the Bankrate.com national average rate for 30-year conventional loans in February, along with the spread between the two rates.  While the chart shows that the Bankrate average barely budged, this arguably reflects weaknesses in Bankrate’s methodologies as much as the stickiness of MBS.  However, the other available rate benchmarks (from Freddie Mac and the MBA) are both dated; for example, the MBA survey rate published last Wednesday reflected rates for the week ending Friday 2/21.   Click to Enlarge The chart below shows a scatterplot of the MBA’s 30-year conventional contract rate (which most recently reported at 3.73%) versus the 10-year note going back to 2011.  While a linear regression suggests that the fitted value should be in the area of 3.5-3.6%, the unprecedented level of the 10-year yield injects a note of caution.  However, an analysis of MCT’s client pipelines as of 2/27 suggests that 30-year conventional loans locked over the last 7 days had a weighted average rate of 3.58%, lending support to the notion that the current average level of 30-year conventional rates is in the area of 3.50-3.55%. Click to enlarge Separately, the pipeline analysis also gives interesting results for government loans, as the weighted average rate for all loans classified as “30-year government loans” was 3.52%.  The MBA does not quote a generic government rate but rather rates for FHA 203 (b) loans, which last printed at 3.83%.  (It should not surprise anyone that Freddie does not report rates for government products.)  The weighted average rate for recent FHA locks in MCT’s client pipelines was 3.70%, while other government products (including VA and USDA loans) had significantly lower average rates, which pushed the weighted average rate for all 30-year government locks down.

Good luck…please let us know if you’d like additional information or analysis.



About the Author: Bill Berliner

As Director of Analytics, Bill Berliner is tasked with developing new products and services, enhancing existing solutions, and helping to expand MCT’s footprint as the preeminent industry-leader in secondary marketing capabilities for lenders.

Mr. Berliner boasts more than 30 years of experience in a variety of areas within secondary marketing. He is a seasoned financial professional with extensive knowledge working with fixed income trading and structuring, research and analysis, risk management, and esoteric asset valuation.

Mr. Berliner has also written extensively on mortgages, MBS, and the capital markets. He is the co-author, with Frank Fabozzi and Anand Bhattacharya, of Mortgage-Backed Securities: Products, Structuring, and Analytical Techniques, which was named one of the top ten finance texts in 2007 by RiskBooks. He wrote and edited chapters for The Handbook of Mortgage-Backed Securities, The Handbook of Fixed-Income Securities, Securities Finance, and The Encyclopedia of Financial Models. In addition, Mr. Berliner co-authored papers published in The Journal of Structured Finance and American Securitization. He also wrote the monthly “In My View” column for Asset Securitization Report from 2008-2012.

10-Year Treasury Yield Curve

Compare this chart with the mortgage rates chart to see how the 10-year treasury and mortgage rates are correlated. Read more below to learn how mortgage rates are tied to the 10 year treasury yield. View raw data on U.S. Department of the Treasury website.


Mortgage Rates Today

The current MBS daily rates are shown below in this chart for 5/1 Yr ARM, Jumbo 30 Yr, FHA 30 Yr, 15 Yr Fixed, 30 Yr Fixed. Sign up for our MBS Market Commentary to receive daily mortgage news in your inbox.

About the Author

Robbie Chrisman, Head of Content, MCT

Robbie started his mortgage industry career with internships during high school and college at Peoples National Bank in Colorado, and RPM & Bay Equity in the San Francisco Bay Area. After graduating from The University of Texas at Austin with a degree in Finance in 2014, he went to work at SoFi, where he rose to Director, Capital Markets assisting in the creation of SoFi’s residential mortgage division before leaving to work for TMS in Austin, Texas. From there, he went to work for FinTech startup Riivos in San Francisco and now is the Head of Content at Mortgage Capital Trading (MCT) in San Diego.

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Previous Weekly Market Reviews by Mortgage Capital Trading (MCT)

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MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/31/23

The market reaction went a little “too far, too fast” in regard to the Fed policy pivot. We witnessed the coupon stack (i.e., the price spread between TBA coupons) decompress in more than a trivial manner in a short period. However, the primary mortgage market has been largely reluctant to follow the Treasury rally, and mortgage rates have ultimately not dropped by the same amount as Treasury yields.

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/24/23

The FOMC raised its benchmark rate by 25 basis points to a new range of 4.75%-5.00% on Wednesday, a middle ground policy move made in the hope of tampering inflation without further harming the banking system. The raise marks the 9th consecutive rate hike since the Fed began hiking in May of last year and brings the target fed funds rate range to the highest level since September 2007. While the central bank’s monetary policy has been aimed at correcting inflation, it has also revealed hidden weaknesses (e.g., entities whose balance sheets relied on low interest rates).

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/17/23

Next week will reveal the Fed’s resolve on continuing to beat the drum on their aggressive inflation fight. The word until now has been that the central bank will keep hiking interest rates until inflation is under control.

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 3/10/23

Events this week likely will lead to a higher peak interest rate than investors had been expecting just weeks ago. Central bankers appear worried about a cycle in which workers seek higher pay to offset inflation’s bite, and in turn trigger more price increases. In fact, inflation remains high because people have jobs and earn enough income to cover stubbornly expensive housing costs. Robust hiring is good for the economy and workers, but elevated pay growth puts added pressure on the Fed to bring down earnings. 

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 2/10/23

The week after the jobs report is generally pretty data-light, and this week was no exception. With a dearth of data, market movement hinged on “Fed speak” and consumer sentiment. We saw some volatility return to bond markets as investors built in expectations for a more hawkish Fed. As a reminder, the Fed raised its benchmark rate last week to a range of 4.5% to 4.75%. Let’s run through what we’ve learned in the wake of that decision and a robust U.S. payrolls report that took some wind out of investors’ sails that had hopes for rate cuts by summer.

MBS Weekly Market Commentary Week Ending 2/3/23

As strong as economists may have thought the job market was, it’s even stronger. In addition to headline non-farm payrolls in January (517,000) beating estimates by around 300,000, employment numbers were revised higher for the past two months. Yes, a tight labor market is anathema to any sort of quick stop to the Federal Reserve’s rate hiking cycle, but the growth rate in average hourly earnings is declining, which will be welcome news to Fed Chair Powell and his colleagues. There exists a raging debate among economists over whether we’ll need a sharp rise in unemployment to keep inflation low.